Trauma informed care: Trauma can be anything from a car accident, divorce, death in the family to severe physical and sexual abuse; it is how the person interprets it. There are different types of trauma: acute one incident, chronic multiple incidents and complex incidents, which are all coming from someone that is supposed to be providing care for these children and keeping them safe.
It is best to treat trauma as early as possible, rather than waiting. Some of our children’s diagnosis may be trauma rather than ADHD, RAD, depression, etc. Children in foster care need to have a trauma assessment. The assessment can be traumatic for the child and parents alike.
Trauma affects the brain and body. Many children blame themselves for the trauma and that guilt and shame are the #1 predictors of PTSD.
Trauma transmits across generations, where high risk behaviors persists in families.
How to go about it: Take a trauma-informed child welfare system approach, which means that the child is at the center. Focus on safety physical and psychological safety. Focus on determining and screening for trauma. Create a proper caseplan for their trauma. Enhancing resilience for children and families, support and promote positive relationships for children. Every interaction with the children is an intervention. Partner with families and child.
To treat it, trauma Focused- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a good approach. There is a good possibility that parents and foster parents should be involved, anyone that will be long term supportive whether they have custody or will have custody or not. Age range from (3-5) all the way to 18. Another form of therapy is Child- Parent Psychotherapy (CPP).